By Liz Cole
One of the world’s oldest and largest primeval forests is under threat due to recent approval of industrial logging in Poland. Spanning the border of Poland and Belarus, the Białowieża Forest is the last of the lowland forests, which covered all of Europe following the ice age. Since 1979, Białowieża National Park, the Polish side of the forest, has been on the World Heritage List as a globally significant ecosystem for conservation—it’s home 20,000 species, including bison, lynx, wolves and other species that have vanished from the rest of Europe as their habitats retreated to what remains today. In 1992 this recognition was extended to include Belovezhskaya Pushcha on the Belarus side.
In addition to its importance to biodiversity, Białowieża’s resources have supported local communities for centuries. Despite all this, only 16 percent of this valuable forest was protected as of 2014. The recent move by Poland will open up swaths of the Białowieża forest to large-scale logging. Experts warn that such activity will threaten the forest’s native species. Using the protected areas data on Global Forest Watch, we can see the effects selective logging and clearing have had in the park already as indicated by the patches of tree cover loss in pink.
Though there are patches of tree cover gain, their geometric shapes suggest that these trees were planted as part of a managed logging area and not natural regrowth. This is especially clear in the Southwest corner of the park where tree cover change occurs in strips. These changes are just outside of the World Heritage Site boundaries, but still occurs within a protected area.
Users can sign up for automatic alerts to see how the new logging policy will affect the Białowieża Forest. Continual monitoring of this area, along with cross-boundary cooperation will be key to conserving this invaluable ecosystem.